featuring guest authors; crafting tips and projects; recipes from food editor and sleuthing sidekick Cloris McWerther; and decorating, travel, fashion, health, beauty, and finance tips from the rest of the American Woman editors.

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

#COOKING WITH CLORIS--PASTA ALA CAPRI WITH GUEST AUTHOR ALICE ORR

Alice Orr is the author of thirteen novels, two novellas, a memoir, and No More Rejections: 50 Secrets to Writing a Manuscript that Sells. She’s a former book editor and literary agent, now living her dream as a full-time writer of romantic suspense stories. Learn more about Alice and her books at her website.

Angela’s Pasta ala Capri in Her Own Words
From the Riverton Road Romantic Suspense Series

Gus Kalli and I met on a spring evening outside a cooking class I was taking at North Country Community College and discovered that the only thing we wanted to study was each other. Over three decades and four handsome sons later – we are still together.

In the beginning I’d thought I needed a vacation but the tour guide for my getaway turned out to be the night school brochure that led me to Gus and the most wondrous time of my life. Being with him was the best vacation I could ever have imagined and it has continued ever since.

I was born and raised in Riverton, New York where everybody grows up in everybody else’s pocket. I always loved that about this town – feeling surrounded by the warmth and sharing of a close community. But when I met Gus I found out how fabulous it feels to start fresh with someone as if I’d been newborn in that moment with only the two of us in our own universe.

We each had our own interests within that universe of course. I loved to cook. The magic of putting ingredients together in a delicious combination was almost as extraordinary as the magic Gus and I made with each other. Gus loved to build things or to rebuild them into something better and he was very good at both.

Before Gus founded Kalli Contracting Company and built our house on Riverton Road we dreamed about packing up our little son Matthew and travelling to Europe for a year or two. I especially wanted to study the cooking there. I even entertained the fantasy of opening a restaurant when we returned home.

Meanwhile as I cooked and we fell even deeper in love, Gus was becoming known around the county for the quality of his work. His talent attracted a pair of investors and the offer was too good for a young couple to refuse. We said yes to those investment partners and never looked back. Well maybe I looked back on occasion but there was no longer much time for fantasies or for regrets, either.

Gus and I were busy working hard and adoring each other and our darling baby. The kitchen was the heart of our house-in-progress on Riverton Road at the junction that came to be called Kalli Corner. I still cooked and had begun inventing recipes or re-inventing them. The reputation of Kalli Contracting grew, and Gus’s financial partners prodded him to expand into high-end condo construction, even though renovating houses for ordinary families was what he loved best.
That was about the time I received a special postcard from my younger sister Merilee. The card was from Capri where she and her son Sam had gone on an Italian holiday. The image of blue sea and bright flowers and wild rock formations made my heart yearn. I couldn’t help thinking how much Gus and Matt and I would enjoy experiencing that scene in real life. I didn’t share those feelings with Gus because I didn’t want him yearning too.

“So let’s experience the food instead,” I said to myself.

That’s how Angela’s Pasta ala Capri came to be, traditional Caprese style cooking with my own variations. When Gus came home that night, I greeted him with a kiss.

“Let’s have some pasta for an emotional lift,” I said. And we did.

Angela’s Pasta ala Capri

Ingredients:
1 pound penne pasta
1-1/2 cups red pasta sauce (see my previous recipe)
1/2 cup half and half.
1/2 cup grated fresh parmesan cheese.
1/8 tsp. allspice
sprinkles of cayenne pepper and hand-zested lemon peel
salt and pepper to taste
1 pint grape tomatoes, halved lengthwise and maybe halved again
8 ounces mozarella, cubed fairly small
2 tsps. dried basil (If using fresh basil, select small sweet leaves and not too many of them. You don’t want the strong flavor of basil to overpower the rest.)
1 tsp. dried parsley. (Again you can use snips of fresh parsley if you prefer.)

Preheat the oven to 375 degrees.

Cook the pasta as the package directs, no longer than al dente.

Heat the sauce in a skillet over lowish heat. Stir in the half and half. Add parmesan, allspice, lemon zest, salt and pepper. Simmer for a few minutes until the parmesan melts and the sauce is smooth. Stir in the grape tomatoes, mozarella, basil and parsley.

Add this cream sauce to the cooked pasta and fold in well.

Pour the pasta and cream sauce mix into an oiled 13” x 9” baking dish. Top with dots of butter. (I prefer low cholesterol spread for heart health.) Sprinkle with seasoned bread crumbs and grated parmesan plus some paprika for color.

Bake at 375 degrees for 30 minutes or so until the cheese is melted.

Serve with green salad and good bread, meaning either you bake it or a bakery does.

A Year of Summer Shadows by Alice Orr
Riverton Road Romantic Suspense Series Book 2

The town she loves is filled with deadly secrets.

Hailey Lambert loves the North Country even though she doesn’t love some of her North Country memories. Mark Kalli has wanted Hailey in his bed for a long time but she won’t give him the time of day. Now she’s mixed up in the murder of Finley Yates. Mark has no choice but to get involved with the killing and with Hailey – whether she wants him or not.

A Year of Summer Shadows is Book 2 in the Riverton Road Romantic Suspense Series set in remote Riverton, New York. Angela and Gus head the Kalli family. Each of their four gorgeous sons has his own story. Book 2 is Mark and Hailey’s story. A Wrong Way Home was Book 1, Matt and Kara’s story.

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Friday, July 24, 2015

BOOK CLUB FRIDAY--GUEST AUTHOR KAY KENDALL

Kay Kendall writes mystery/female amateur sleuth novels and books set in the 1960’s. Learn more about her and her books at her Austin Starr and Kay Kendall websites.
  
When did you realize you wanted to write novels?
Fourteen years ago I recognized I had stories I was burning to tell, set in a fictional context.

How long did it take you to realize your dream of publication?
Twelve years was “all” it took. I’ve since learned that is about average, so I don’t feel too bad about that. I wrote one book that was not a mystery, couldn’t sell it, and then moved on to writing mysteries. That suits me since I always want to get to the bottom of why things happen and who did what to whom. I love mysteries—both reading and writing them.

Are you traditionally published, indie published, or a hybrid author?
My publisher, Stairway Press in Seattle, is small but gives me great support—wonderful editing and cover art.

Where do you write?
I write in the third bedroom in our house. It’s become so full of books and papers that it’s like a cave I crawl in and out of. Therefore it’s dubbed “the writer’s lair.” Next week I promised my husband I’d pause and take the time to clean it up. He says it’s like walking into a minefield.

Is silence golden, or do you need music to write by? What kind?
I can’t write while listening to music that has words. I can write to soothing classical music—Bach, Mozart—that kind of thing.

How much of your plots and characters are drawn from real life? From your life in particular?
My plots involve murder and skullduggery, and my life is nothing like that—thank goodness. But I do set my plots in places I have lived. Several of my reoccurring characters are inspired by real people, but none are completely like my friends. Everything that has a basis in my life or that of my friends is heavily embroidered with fiction.

Describe your process for naming your character?
I bought a book of baby names and use it when I get stumped. Sometimes I use the last names of older characters that are taken from my life, people I liked a lot—like teachers and bosses who were especially nice to me. I see this as an ode to those who have passed on.

Real settings or fictional towns?
To date all of my settings have been real. They include Austin Starr’s hometown of Cuero, Texas, plus Houston and Seattle. Also the Canadian cities of Toronto and Vancouver. I also use actual buildings as often as I can. The mortuary in Rainy Day Wome, for example, is one I visited in Seattle many years ago. It is defunct now so I truncated its name and there’s no issue involved in identifying it. In short, I like to put made-up events in real places.

What’s the quirkiest quirk one of your characters has?
Austin Starr won’t stand next to anyone who is very short. She is five feet eleven inches tall and feels like an oaf when she is near someone tiny. She makes an exception when she meets Larissa Klimenko, who is petite at five feet one. Larissa becomes her dearest friend, and she’s the one who calls for help and sets off the plot in Rainy Day Women.

What’s your quirkiest quirk?
I loathe the color orange. The only time it doesn’t give me fits is at Halloween. I won’t wear anything orange and have nothing in my house that color either.

If you could have written any book (one that someone else has already written,) which one would it be? Why?
Gone Girl by Gillian Flynn. It has a fiendishly clever plot, was written by a novelist who attended my college (University of Kansas), and sold lots of copies. Besides, Ben Affleck played the male lead in the film version!

Everyone at some point wishes for a do-over. What’s yours?
I wish I had started writing fiction ten years earlier.

What’s your biggest pet peeve?
I don’t like people who play games with others.

You’re stranded on a deserted island. What are your three must-haves?
I would have my Amazon Echo so it could play endless music, my Amazon Kindle so I’d have endless books to read, and my husband, so I could be endlessly happy.

What was the worst job you’ve ever held?
When I was briefly a legal secretary, the lawyer I worked for in this big firm hit on me. I was fired because I wasn’t responsive to his advances. I was married and so was he. He said he would help me for free on my custody case, but oh, those strings attached!

What’s the best book you’ve ever read?
Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte. I don’t often reread books, but that is one I’ve read countless times and have watched every cinematic version of it ever made.

Ocean or mountains?
I grew up seeing long vistas so mountains make me feel closed in, claustrophobic. I love oceans because I like to watch the surf’s movement and hear its soothing sound.

City girl or country girl?
I’ve become a city girl because I enjoy all the cultural opportunities that big cities can offer. But I like to be able to get out to the countryside easily since I grew up on the great plains of Kansas and do love the wide open spaces.

What’s on the horizon for you?
I’m writing my third Austin Starr mystery, entitled Tombstone Blues. Austin and her husband David attend his academic conference in Vienna, Austria, where they tangle with deadly Cold War-era spies. This takes place shortly after the conclusion of Rainy Day Women, so he is still angry at her because—Wait! That would be a spoiler. I can’t tell you why he’s so upset with her.

Anything else you’d like to tell us about yourself and/or your books?
My husband Bruce and I have had house rabbits for twenty years. We belong to a rescue organization in Houston called BunnyBuddies.org. We rescue and adopt abandoned rabbits, and these little fur babies are so dear and loving. Like dogs and cats, rabbits have individual personalities and provide great companionship. We also have a spaniel, but we keep the two species separate. Right now we have three bunnies—Jack, Dusty, and Smoky.

Rainy Day Women
An Austin Starr Mystery
In 1969, during the week of the Manson murders and Woodstock, the intrepid amateur sleuth, infant in tow, flies across the continent to support her friend Larissa, suspected of murdering women's liberation activists in Seattle and Vancouver. Then her former CIA trainer warns that an old enemy has contracted a hit on her. Her anxious husband demands that she give up her quest and fly back to him. How much should Austin risk when tracking the killer puts her and her baby's life in danger?

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Thursday, July 23, 2015

AUTHOR LIZZI TREMAYNE AND A TRIP TO HUNUA FALLS, NEW ZEALAND

Photo by Michal Klajban
Lizzi Tremayne is the author a western historical adventure novel, the first in a planned  series. She makes her home on the North Island of New Zealand where she’s finally allowed herself to indulge in her passion to write. Learn more about her and her books at her website. 

It happened on the way to St Cath’s Faire, an SCA reenactment event, last Sunday near Clevedon.

It became a massive change in the direction of one of the novels in The Long Trails Quadrilogy,  Book 3, called  A Sea of Green Unfolding.

It came to me while I drove past the Waihou River. Back in the day, say in the day of this saga, which makes it about 1863, it was called the River Thames  by Captain Cook. He first landed his longboat up this wild river there on the eastern coast of the North Island of New Zealand. 

In my Landcruiser, I drove past Cook’s landing site, through Netherton, Ngatea, on and on through the Hauraki Plains.  Plains they might be now, but back then, they were a massive Kahakatea swamp.  "Progress" led to their being channeled, drained, clear-cut logged and turned into farms, so now all that's left is a massive flat plain of grass and dairy cows, with enough remains of the underlying peat bogs to keep the farmers' fence posts wobbly, no matter what they do about it.

Just after the new motorway portion of SH2 began, I took the road less travelled, the old SH2, then up Lyon’s Road, past Paparimu, through Hunua, heading for my event at Clevedon.

As I passed the sign for Hunua Falls, though, it drew me. I’d never seen the falls, but I promised myself I’d find them on the way home….. because I knew they needed to be in the story… in a big way.

Wow… They took my breath away.

I found the Hunua Falls, buried deep in what would have been the “vast untrodden Hunuas” in 1863, if it were in a book by  Jack Lasenby. They are nothing less than awesome… and as of that day, will play a big part in the climactic scenes of the novel.

While I was in Clevedon, I “accidentally” met someone who could answer many of my questions. Out on a walk in the forest there, I met a woman who’s lived there for the past 50 years…  and she was… at a meeting of the local historical society the previous night….

Now, I don’t really think there’s such a thing as coincidence anymore… Just the Universe looking after me… And hopefully you, my reader!

A Long Trail Rolling
She didn’t expect to become a target, but she is one now!

It might have been the mare that did it, stopping dead in her tracks, nearly dropping Aleksandra over her shoulder, or maybe it was the flies that buzzed around the blood pooling beneath the butchered man in the Pony Express station doorway. Whichever it was, it got her full attention.

Seventeen year old Aleksandra, trained in the Cossack arts from infancy by her father, finds herself alone and running to prevent her Pa’s killer from obtaining a secret coveted by the Russian Czar, one which could alter the forces of power in Europe. Disguised as a Pony Express rider in 1860’s Utah Territory, she finds herself in even deeper trouble when she rides full speed into the middle of the Indian Paiute Wars. Her Californio boss Xavier has a strength to match her own, but can they overcome their differences before the ever-increasing odds overtake them?

A Long Trail Rolling is the first novel in The Long Trail Quadrilogy of historical adventure sagas following Aleksandra and Xavier from the wilderness of 1860 Utah to Colonial New Zealand.

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Wednesday, July 22, 2015

GUEST AUTHOR CATHERINE E. McLEAN ON HEART ATTACKS IN PEOPLE AND ROBOTS

Catherine E. McLean’s short stories have appeared in hardcopy and online anthologies and magazines. Her latest novel is Hearts Akilter, a lighthearted fantasy/sci-fi romance. Catherine also gives writing workshops, both online and in-person. Learn more about Catherine and her books at her website.

Catherine will be giving away a $50 gift card at her release party August 5th. Visit her website for more information.

Heart Attack Symptoms: Believability in Fiction

Robots can have heart attacks, too. At least, that is what I had to deal with when Henry, the robot in my forthcoming release, popped into my head saying he was suffering from one.

Because believability is a primary factor in writing fiction, I wanted to make certain what the medical robot (Henry) would tell Marlee (who repairs robots) when he described the unusual "pain" he felt. But because Henry is a robot, his "pain" was current that went from his upper left chest and down his left arm. Henry was experiencing a short circuit, which was caused by a bomb that had been placed inside him. But in real life, heart attack symptoms can be similar.

Here are the common symptoms of a heart attack:

Chest pain: While this seems like a vague term, it is used to cover a variety of feelings of discomfort in the chest area. Sometimes called tightness or heaviness, such symptoms may last for a few minutes and then go away.

Other areas of pain: Pain is often reported in the neck, jaw, left shoulder, arms, and even the stomach.

Difficulty breathing: Shortness of breath is common when having a heart attack.

Sweating: Often referred to as a “cold sweat,” perspiration is a common symptom of a heart attack.

Nausea: It is not uncommon to vomit when experiencing a heart attack.

Rapid or irregular heart beats and lightheadedness: Due to the stress the heart undergoes when experiencing a heart attack, the heart will jerk into a rapid or irregular heart beat, and the body experiences an overall wave of weakness, which is often described as lightheadedness.

Two things to keep in mind:

Indigestion or heartburn is often confused with a heart attack. Every day, people are rushed to the hospital because they assume or believe they are experiencing a heart attack, and it turns out it’s just abdominal distress.

Heart attack symptoms in women may differ. In medical studies, women reported having much more vague feelings when it came to cardiac distress, often including a feeling of fatigue for several days.

And like with Henry-the-robot who is dealing with a ticking bomb, the best advice I can give is to reiterate what the experts say: When in doubt, always seek emergency care.

Hearts Akilter
Love, vengeance, attempted murder, and a bomb...No reason to panic.

When a medical robot insists he's having a heart attack, Marlee Evans, a pragmatic maintenance technician, has every reason to panic. There's a bomb inside him. Since Marlee can't risk the bomber discovering she's found the device, her only option is to kidnap Deacon Black, an unflappable bomb expert, and secretly convince him to disarm it. Things go slightly awry when Deacon sets a trap for someone who is trying to kill him, and inadvertently captures Marlee instead. Instantly intrigued by her refreshingly forthright and gutsy attitude, he's smitten. Unfortunately for Deacon, Marlee recently hardened her heart and swore off men, especially handsome ones with boy-next-door grins. But as Marlee and Deacon attempt to identify and prevent the bomber from detonating the device, they discover that love may be the most explosive force of all. 

Tuesday, July 21, 2015

COOKING WITH CLORIS--GUEST AUTHOR CLAUDIA LEFEVE WHIPS UP A BLOODY MARY

Claudia Lefeve was born and raised so far down the Texas Gulf Coast she has to pull out a map to show people it's nowhere near Houston. Now living in Northern Virginia, she is taking a hiatus from a civilian career in law enforcement to write full-time. Learn more about Claudia and her books at her website.

There’s been a lot of bad press about the South lately, and say what you will, but you can’t dismiss the undeniable appeal of a region where food is fried, deviled, or stuffed. And just like books with its varied genres, our offerings differ depending on the region: Gulf Coast seafood, Cajun, Creole, soul food, BBQ, Tex-Mex, and a group I like to call the “anythings”: anything hunted that morning, anything chicken fried, and anything slathered with gravy.

Southern cuisine equates to passion in our neck of the woods, and it’s a part of our history we’re mighty proud of. Suppertime in the South evokes feelings of togetherness, as well as tradition—family recipes are ingrained in our blood, passed down from generation to generation, and meals are almost always a family affair.

Since most of my books take place in Texas, its only fitting that food almost always weasels its way in as a character and my personal chef (aka: the hubby) always lends his expertise to bring my characters to life. Whether it’s gumbo or scallop ceviche, his culinary creations have definitely garnered more fans than my books.

Another tradition that is slowly going out of fashion, but still maintains a strong foothold in the South, is cocktail hour! In my recent mystery, Destined for Trouble, Aunt Lula can be found toting around ready-made Bloody Marys in a cooler (or her shotgun.) You can’t have a fun, family evening without a little fire in your belly, she’d be happy to tell you, I’m sure.

If you’re unfamiliar with Southern cuisine, it’s always best to start out small and not bite off more than you can chew (ha!) There’s a certain finesse that’s required in cooking Southern fare, and most Southern home chefs can whip up a meal from memory (it’s in our blood, remember?) So if you’re a beginner, grab your closest friends and family members, gather ‘round your front porch or back deck, and have a drink on Aunt Lula.

Aunt Lula’s Infamous Bloody Mary Recipe
(Makes one)

Ingredients:
finely chopped bacon
1.5 oz. vodka (more or less)
6 oz. tomato juice
5 drops Tabasco
3 drops Worcestershire
1 pinch horseradish
1 pinch celery salt
1 pinch ground pepper
1 pinch Cajun seasoning
1 dash lemon juice
olives
slice of lime

In a cocktail shaker filled with ice, combine all other ingredients except for the olives, bacon, and lime. Shake vigorously. Strain the mix into the glass.

Garnish with olives, bacon, and lime slice.

Destined for Trouble (Book #1 Jules Cannon Mystery Series)
After getting dumped by her boyfriend, FBI crime analyst Jules Cannon flees to her hometown of Trouble Island, Texas, to nurse her wounds. All she wants to do is unwind, forget about her failed relationship, and work on her tan.

But when the owner of the local crab shack is murdered at Juless welcome-home party, she is forced to scrap her rest-and-relaxation plans. Now her best friend, Abby Lee, is the prime suspect, and her high school sweetheart, Deputy Chief Justin Harper, is working the case. Even though Jules knows she shouldnt, she just cant keep herself from getting involved in the investigation—and entangled with handsome Assistant District Attorney Hartley Crawford. While an old flame threatens to rekindle and a new one sparks, Jules must find a killer and prove her friends innocence. But will she put two and two together before trouble catches up with her?

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Monday, July 20, 2015

#CRAFTS WITH ANASTASIA--GUEST AUTHOR MICHELLE MARKEY BUTLER ON ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPTS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Kells
When I visited The Vatican many years ago, I was, of course, in awe of the Sistine Chapel, but what fascinating me the most was the Vatican library with its vast collection of illuminated manuscripts. Our guest, Michelle Markey Butler, knows all about illuminated manuscripts, and she's here today to share some of that knowledge with our readers.

Michelle Markey Butler is a lecturer at the University of Maryland College Park, where she teaches medieval literature and Tolkien. She publishes on medieval and early modern drama, and will someday finish that book about the transition from direct address to soliloquy. Her published fiction includes SF/F stories and her debut novel, Homegoing. Learn more about Michelle and her writing at her website.

The Book of Kells is arguably the most famous book in the world.

The book is stunning! The illuminations, of course, get most of the attention. The almost-unbelievably complex interlacing:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interlace_(art)
Embellished initials, of which the Chi-Rho (the first two letters of the name of Christ, this elaborated version occurs at the first mention of Christ in the gospels) is the most famous:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Kells
Portraits (like this one of the Virgin and Child, or of St. John the Evangelist (top image):
And carpet pages (entire pages of illumination, so called because they look like ornate woven carpets):
We can’t help but wonder how 9th century monks managed to make it when it’s difficult and expensive to produce good quality reproductions of it with 21st century technology.
So how DID those 9th century monks produce this marvelous book?

The Book of Kells was made waaaayy before printing came to Europe—half a millennium before. Papermaking hadn’t made it to Europe yet, either.

If you’re a monk looking to make a book in the 9th century, the materials available to you are:
~Quill (a sharpened feather, to write with)
~Penknife (to sharpen the feather)
~Inks (guess who gets to make them)
~Parchment (if you’re very lucky, someone else makes it)

Quills and the penknife are probably the easiest to acquire. Feathers are not too difficult to come by, and the work of hardening and sharpening the tip into a quill is not arduous.
Parchment and ink are a different story. They’re the result of some serious work.

The good news: books written on parchment last hundreds of years. Longer than microfilm facsimiles. Longer than paper facsimiles. The Book of Kells is over a thousand years old. To paraphrase Yoda, when we are a thousand years old, we won’t look nearly as good as the Book of Kells.  

Assuming, that is, the library doesn’t catch on fire. The edges of the Beowulf manuscript are charred from a fire in 1731. Let that soak in for a moment. Beowulf almost went up in smoke. Sadly, the manuscript of another Old English poem, The Battle of Maldon, did perish in that fire. We know this excellent poem now only from a transcription made in 1724.

Fire wasn’t the only danger to medieval books. We almost lost the Book of Kells, too, due to theft. In 1007, the book was stolen from the abbey at Kells. It was found, mercifully, a few months later, but without its golden-and-bejeweled cover.
Back to the bad news: parchment making is laborious and stinky. (Here’s a video about the process.) Parchment also requires an animal’s death. Books require lots of animals’ deaths. Roughly 600 cows were needed to provide the parchment for the Book of Kells.

Parchment was not the only costly and time-consuming material you needed to make a medieval book. Lapis Lazuli, the material that provides the striking blue ink in illuminated manuscripts, had to be brought from Afghanistan. It was wildly expensive and highly prized—as much if not more than gold.

By the way, the scribe who would write the words and the illuminator who painted the gorgeous images were usually different people. Specialization is not really a modern invention!

If you want to know more about how medieval books like the Book of Kells were made, the Getty Library has a nice video.

If you want to try it…

I doubt your neighbors would appreciate you trying to make a medieval book from scratch, given the high-level stenchiness of parchment making. But if you want to try your hand at medieval calligraphy, The Historical Source Book for Scribes provides step-by-step instruction. If you’d like to try copying a page from the Book of Kells, you want the “Insular Half-Uncial” chapter.

There also are excellent children’s books about medieval bookmaking. The Ink Garden of Brother Theophane  and Marguerite Makes a Book  are particularly good ones.

Happy illuminating!

Homegoing is medieval-inspired historical fantasy, the plot of which revolves around bookmaking, archives, and the dangers of not keeping old books. A major plot point involves the rare blue ink mentioned above.

Homegoing
Disowned. Disgraced. Discarded. I had been Princess of Bruster, then Queen of Ferrant. Now I was neither. I built a new life, in a new land. The clerk of my adopted lord. I wanted to copy books and build his library. Quiet and unremarked amongst parchment and ink. Then the great ship came. It delivered a letter - to a land where almost no one could read. By the time the letter came to my hands, the ship had departed. We had no way to tell them we had never heard of them. They gave us one year, but how could we meet their demands when we did not know what they meant? War was coming. Unless I could prevent it.